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USCG Cutter Eagle

"Kitmaker crewmate Tim Parker (pzkw) sends us a fine batch of walk-around images of the United States Coast Guard Cutter, Eagle!"



Tim writes: "I took these photos of the USCG Eagle back in June of 2002, when she made a weekend appearance in Alexandria, VA (a close-in suburb of Washington, D.C.). In taking the photos, my "goal" was to take pictures that were useful in showing detail, in order to have a more interesting model."

Edit note-I think you did a great job, mate!



Vessel Information

Eagle, 1946
ex-SNS Horst Wessel; WIX-327

Horst Wessel (1907-1930) was a Nazi party member, SA Stormtrooper and purported pimp who was killed fighting German Communists in 1930. Some months before he died, Wessel had written the verses to what would become the "Horst Wessel Lied" but it first gained popular currency when a choir of Stormtroopers performed it at his funeral. It was later recorded, and in 1931 it became the official anthem of the Nazi Party, played alongside Deutschland über Alles at all official occasions.

Builder: Blohm & Voss Shipyards, Hamburg, Germany
Commissioned: 1936 (German Navy); 15 May 1946 (U.S. Coast Guard)
Length: 295'
Beam: 39' 1"
Draft: 17' 6" full load
Displacement: 1,784 tons full load
Powerplant: 1 x Maschinenfabrik-Augsburg-Nurnberg diesel direct reversible with reduction gear producing 750 horsepower (1965); 1 Caterpillar diesel engine (1980)
Top speed: 17 knots (under sail) maximum 10 knots (diesel engine only) maximum; 7.5 knots cruising with 5,450 mile range under diesel power only.
Complement: 19 officers, 46 crew, 175 cadets and instructors
Radar: 1 x AN/SPS-23; AN/SPA-4 (1965)
Sonar: 1 x AN/UQN-1D
Armament: None



Vessel History
The Eagle is a three-masted sailing barque with 21,350 square feet of sail. It is home ported at the CG Academy, New London, Connecticut. It is the only active commissioned sailing vessel in the U.S. maritime services. She is one of five such training barques in world. Remarkably, her surviving sister ships include the Mircea of Romania, Sagres II of Portugal, Gorch Fock of Germany, and Tovarich of Russia.

Today's Eagle, the seventh in a long line of proud cutters to bear the name, was built in 1936 by the Blohm & Voss Shipyard, Hamburg, Germany, as a training vessel for German Navy cadets. It was commissioned Horst Wessel and served as a training ship for the Kriegsmarine throughout World War II. Click here to read a translated-diary from a German naval cadet who trained aboard the Horst Wessel in 1937.

Following World War II, the Horst Wessel, in the age-old custom of capture and seizure, was taken as a war prize by the United States. Initially, the Soviet Union selected Horst Wessel during the division of Nazi vessels by the victorious Allies. The four available sailing ships had been divided into three lots--two large merchant ships being grouped together. The Soviets drew number 1, Great Britain number 2, and the U.S. number 3. Before the results of the draw were officially announced, the U.S representative, through quiet diplomacy, convinced the Soviets to trade draws.

And so, on May 15, 1946, the German barque was commissioned into U.S. Coast Guard service as the Eagle and sailed from Bremerhaven, Germany to New London, Connecticut. On her voyage to the United States she followed Columbus's route across the mid-Atlantic. She rode out a hurricane during her trip and arrived in New London safely. She weathered another hurricane in September 1954 while enroute to Bermuda. She hosted OpSail in New York as part of the World's Fair in 1964. She again hosted OpSail in 1976 during the United States' Bicentennial celebration. She hosted the centennial celebration for the Statue of Liberty in 1986 as well.

One of the major controversies regarding the cutter was generated when the Coast Guard decided to add the "racing stripe" to her otherwise unadorned hull in mid-1976. She was the last cutter so painted and many in the sailing community decried the new paint job.

Eagle serves as a seagoing classroom for approximately 175 cadets and instructors from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. Sailing in Eagle, cadets handle more than 20,000 square feet of sail and 5 miles of rigging. Over 200 lines must be coordinated during a major ship maneuver. The sails can provide the equivalent of several thousand through-shaft horsepower. The ship readily takes to the task for which it was designed. Eagle's hull is built of steel, four-tenths of an inch thick. It has two full length steel decks with a platform deck below and a raised forecastle and quarterdeck. The weather decks are three-inch-thick teak over steel.
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About Timothy E. Parker (pzkw)
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