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In-Box Review
135
Australian M3 Lee
Australian M3 Lee
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by: Darren Baker [ CMOT ]


_ORGINPUB:
Armorama

Introduction

MiniArt Has become quite a power house when it comes to releases with a broad appeal and then offering lots of different versions of that vehicle in order to meet the needs of every modeller with an interest. That approach goes one step further in that MiniArt also takes the time to offer versions with and without interiors. MiniArt has announced in their catalogue a whole family of Grant and Lee M3 tanks and in this review I will be looking at an Australian M3 Lee interior. It is my understanding that this M3 Lee is a late production version due to the absence of the side doors, but this is not the most common of tanks as the Lee turret tended to be used by the Americans with the British preferring the Grant turret, with that said I do know that a small number of M3 Lee’s did serve with the Commonwealth forces. When these tanks were transferred to Australia their purpose was as a home defence vehicle, but it should be remembered that the Commonwealth forces used The M3 Grant against the Japanese as it was more than able to take on their armour.

Review

This offering from MiniArt arrives in the usual packaging of a cardboard tray with a separate card lid; the artwork on the lid represents an Australian M3 Lee. Inside there is a substantial instruction booklet and a single plastic bag containing all of the plastic for the model plus the clear sprue and decals in a bag of their own and packed along with the other parts. In this example no obvious damage has been caused to any elements of the model; while no damage has been done to the model from what I can see it does leave small and fragile parts exposed to be knocked loose or damaged. There is a sheet of photo etch included with this release and that is protected by a card envelope in the packaging.

This offering from MiniArt is supplied on a huge number of sprues, an aspect I have come to expect when it is one part of a model line from MiniArt. An examination of the model parts has not revealed any major issues that will need to be remedied. There is the usual clean up aspect of the model parts and I believe some of the parts have ejection pin marks that will need to be tackled, the ejection pin marks have been kept minimal in this example which is in no small part due to the limited number of parts on many of the sprues. Many of the sprues that contain larger mouldings in particular the hull plates there are flow marks present, I have checked these as best I can visually and by touch and I have been unable to detect any issues with these marks.

Crew Interior
The crew compartment of this MiniArt offering of the M3 Lee is very well detailed in all respects that can be covered in plastic. The drivers’ position and controls look perfect to me, and with this being a late M3 Lee the radio operators’ position on the left of the driver is present and should not be on a late M3 Lee as indicated by the deletion of the hull machine gun. The gear box exterior and drive shaft tunnel add a nice detail that from what I can see looks correct with the reference I have. The floor of this area is very nice as regards detail and the rivet detail is very nice, and what use to be an error should now be here in the form of an escape hatch on the floor; the floor escape hatch was introduced when the side doors were done away with in later versions of the M3 and this applies to both Lee and Grant tanks. The catch detail is now very well replicated and shows a four way lock that allows the floor hatch to be completely moved out of the way. I like that MiniArt took the time to supply the personal weapons on the side wall mounts on the interior. The details covered here are very good and MiniArt deserve a big slap on the back for a job well done. The details should more than meet the expectations of most modellers, but for those who are into super detailing there are a number of cables that could be added to bring the interior close to perfect.

Hull Gunner
The interior aspects of the 75mm gun look good in all respects when checked against my reference. The ammunition storage appears correct and very nicely detailed; I appreciate that the ammunition storage has been provided with the option of open or closed access doors. The gunners’ seat is nicely done and correctly mounted. The handles for adjusting the guns arc and elevation are also correctly tackled by MiniArt. The recuperators sit above and below the gun and these have exceptional detail on them for what are in effect shock absorbers. The recoil guard is a simple piece that has again been well tackled by MiniArt. The rear portion of the gun has been supplied in two halves and so will have a seam line that will need careful filling to hide; these two halves cover the recuperators and the gun breech, but on the positive side the breech block is separate and so could be displayed open or closed. On the exterior side of this weapon MiniArt has provided a standard naked barrel for the gun with a counter weight, the canvas cover protected gun offered on the Grant has been done away with and in fairness I did not find a Lee with this set up.

The Engine
The M3 tank series was powered by a radial engine which in this case is the Wright R975 EC2 air cooled radial engine; this engine was also built under licence by Continental. I can honestly say the engine here is a beauty; the piston air cooled cylinders have a good level of vane detail along with all of the needed plumbing present. The cooling fan has a nice level of detail that with all of the other details and some careful painting should result in a very pleasing result for the modeller who wishes to display this aspect of the model. The exhausts have been well tackled as has the mounting bracket. The engine bay has been provided with a good level of detail both moulded and added during construction. MiniArt from what I can see has provided most of the plumbing for this element of the model and should only require some additional wiring and plumbing to provide a perfect scale replica.

Turret Interior
The turret of the Lee is smaller than the Grant and my reference is very weak here as it concentrates on British Grants. The 37mm gun in the turret looks quite nice in all respects and the ammunition is stored correctly throughout the tank. Space inside the Lee turret was especially cramped for the commander and is the reason that the British switched to the larger turret of the Grant; I cannot imagine how horrid it must have been for the crew members in the turret in a hot climate. The lower interior portion of turret is very nice in all respects from the floor detail to the vented areas. The ammunition stored here and the seating for the crew is nicely replicated. I have found a minor error here though as around the outside of the lower portion there are receptacles for water bottles and there, there should be four bottles in their own segments in a group of four, MiniArt has only applied two X three in a single segment. Otherwise I am very happy with this element of the model with my found error being very minor.

The Exterior
MiniArt has done a nice job on this offering as regards the exterior as there are a lot of angles that are brought together with ship rivets in effect; riveting was not a good idea on tanks as a hit could break them and result in a sizeable lump of metal flying around the tank interior even if the round did no penetrate the vehicle. The angles of the parts look good on this offering as do the round head rivets (I have seen rivets replaced with large screws/bolts and so you could add this feature if you wish). There are a huge number of these rivets present and I am sorry but I am not going to count them for a review, I will say that as far as I can see the rivets are where they should be on the mouldings.

Moving to the engine deck and there are some very nice details here, the fuel filler caps are separate mouldings with a nicer level of detail; interestingly the fuel tanks are the only major component missing from the model. The main engine deck sits on a drilled surround and so can be placed on the model and removed to display the work you have done in the engine with that realistic flange present as well. Moving to the cast features on the front of the vehicle and very nicely done casting marks are present where expected. The gear box housing also has an exceptional subtle cast texture present.

The raised brackets for securing straps for the tools are supplied in photo etch and so raised and realistic in appearance. All of the tools are supplied clean which worried me to begin with but MiniArt has not tried to provide working photo etched clamps and so all is good in my book. The tow wire has been provided with photo etched restrainers and eyes for the end, but the cable is not provided and you are directed to the needed length for the cable and told to scratch it; some may see this as a bad thing but I do not take issue as I prefer metal cables to string and kit wire is not usually the greatest so RMG Factory cable for me.

Tracks and Suspension
The tracks for the M3 Lee were the T41 tracks and that does appear to be what I have here in the model. They are workable providing care is taken with the glue and so look rather good. Clean up is minimal with the small ends likely to prove the most difficult due to size alone. The T41 tracks look very similar both wheel and road sides and so take care not to mix them up as It looks as if the thicknesses are slightly different. Looking at the bogies it would seem they are workable if so desired, but I do not believe they have been designed with that in mind; it is I believe for the purpose of allowing the bogies and wheels to be accurately portrayed on an uneven surface. The main bodies of the bogie assembly have beautiful casting marks present that the super detailers will really appreciate. The tyres on the wheels are extremely well detailed with the size of the tyres present on both sides as is ‘MFG by Monarch Rubber Co’, stunning detail on a model that is Allied rather than Axis in nature. The star drive cog appears to have all of the needed detail present and can be assembled while remaining workable and so easier to paint and add the tracks to. The idler wheel can also remain workable if desired and the only part to bother some modellers here are the discs of photo etch that need to be added. MiniArt has put a lot of work into this area of the model and I think that the effort will be approved of by modellers of all skill levels. The most difficult aspect of these tracks is closing up the two end when on the model.

Turret Exterior
The raised rounded turret of the Lee gives the Lee a fairly unique look to it and also creates its biggest weakness in that it was a very tall tank that was hard to hide while still enabling the main gun to be brought into action. The turret shape looks to have been very well replicated here with MiniArt having taken some excellent notes on the finer details. The seam line where the top and bottom halves of the turret join mimics that of the real vehicle and so do not sand and fill this detail as you perhaps otherwise would. Hatches and viewing ports are correctly placed with high levels of detail provided.

Finishing Options
MiniArt has provided finishing options covering four vehicles and I was very pleased to see a broad range of finishes thrown into the mix.
3rd Armoured Division, 2nd Army Tank Battalion, C Squadron, Australian Army, 1942-43
1st Armoured Regiment, 1st Tank Battalion, B Squadron, During training in Australia 1942-43
3rd Army Tank Brigade, 2nd Arny Tank Battalion, Australian Army 1943
During exercises at Land Headquarters Electrical and Mechanical Engineers School, Australia, New South Wales, October 1944

Reference

The Lee/Grant Tanks in British Service Written by Bryan Perrett Released by Osprey Publishing
M3 Lee/Grant in Action written by Jim Mesko Released by Squadron/Signal Publications, Armour Number 33

Conclusion

MiniArt has done an excellent job on this interior kit, but unlike the earlier period M3 Lee Grant Tanks views of this lovely interior are restricted by the removal of the large side doors. The details look to be very good with little in the way of issues other than the radio operator’s position which were done away with by this stage. Taking everything into consideration and you are being offered a very accurate model with some minor corrections needed. To display this interior at its best it may be worth having the turret off of the model. For the super detailers there is some plumbing that will need adding to get the engine bay and interior spot on and you could of course scratch the fuel tanks if desired.
SUMMARY
Darren Baker takes a look at the latest offering in the M3 line from MiniArt with an Australian M3 Lee with interior in 1/35th scale.
  Scale: 1:35
  Mfg. ID: 35287
  Related Link: 
  PUBLISHED: Feb 20, 2020
  NATIONALITY: Australia
NETWORK-WIDE AVERAGE RATINGS
  THIS REVIEWER: 87.04%
  MAKER/PUBLISHER: 85.88%

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About Darren Baker (CMOT)
FROM: ENGLAND - SOUTH WEST, UNITED KINGDOM

I have been building model kits since the early 70’s starting with Airfix kits of mostly aircraft, then progressing to the point I am at now building predominantly armour kits from all countries and time periods. Living in the middle of Salisbury plain since the 70’s, I have had lots of opportunitie...

Copyright ©2020 text by Darren Baker [ CMOT ]. Images also by copyright holder unless otherwise noted. Opinions expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of Model Shipwrights. All rights reserved.



Comments

Darren, the M3's were NOT transferred from British stock and were purchased directly from US stock. This is a long held myth that will not die. Australia received both Grants and lee's in about equal numbers for Petrol variants and another third as Diesels (Grants) and covering almost all variants except the cast hull. They had modifications for Australian service including a Drivers periscope and a number of other changes like radios etc (not catered in the kit as it has the US interior Radio) . Roughly a third (200+) Lee's were received in the M3 orders by 42. 3 Australian M3 saw service all being Diesel Grants fitted with dozers in the Dutch East indies in 45. The M3's that fought against the Japanese in Burma were mainly Lee's and used by British and Indian regiments of the 14th Army. This kit is a really good starting point for such a vehicle with most of the unique Stowage required and the low profile cupola. Post war the M3's were refurbished and equipped the CMF (Reserves) alongside matildas Al
FEB 20, 2020 - 01:26 PM
Great review as always Darren. Steven Zaloga's Osprey book on the M3 indicates that 757 M3s were shipped to Australia, of which 238 were Lees.Interestingly, he indicates that the later Lees without the side doors were regarded by the Australians as defective for jungle fighting and at one stage were looking at rebuilding them with side doors. It would appear that very few were used in combat, and they were kept in Australia to meet a perceived threat in New Guinea.They did receive some unique modifications which were based on a combination of 8th Army and Burma experience
FEB 20, 2020 - 01:35 PM
Blast. beaten to it by 7 minutes.
FEB 20, 2020 - 01:36 PM
I believe the some of the Burma mods were based on the Australian Experience not the other way around. Australian M3 were seen with the external stowage and low profile Cupolas 12 mths before they appeared in Burma
FEB 20, 2020 - 03:30 PM
Interesting. Zaloga is specifically refering to an anti mine netting as being based on Burma experience, and the storage being based on local demands. It may well be that the storage didn't appear until later in Burma, and vice versa for the netting
FEB 20, 2020 - 03:39 PM
Steve would be right on the Anti Mine netting as we didn't apply it (more like netted cages) until 45. The Stowage and the engine armoured cover showed up pretty early though. Burma Lees and probably the rarer grants did have additional Stowage boxes that fitted in behind the sponsons continuing the sides Al
FEB 21, 2020 - 01:55 PM
Thanks Al. The whole subject of US/UK Armour is fascinating, and probably doesn't get the attention it deserves. Miniart are to be commended for producing a whole range of vehicles based on the M3. I have been waiting for the British Lee which was released yesterday, and I am now slightly poorer as a result.
FEB 21, 2020 - 10:32 PM
Darren, the M3's were NOT transferred from British stock and were purchased directly from US stock. This is a long held myth that will not die. Australia received both Grants and lee's in about equal numbers for Petrol variants and another third as Diesels (Grants) and covering almost all variants except the cast hull. They had modifications for Australian service including a Drivers periscope and a number of other changes like radios etc (not catered in the kit as it has the US interior Radio) . Roughly a third (200+) Lee's were received in the M3 orders by 42. 3 Australian M3 saw service all being Diesel Grants fitted with dozers in the Dutch East indies in 45. The M3's that fought against the Japanese in Burma were mainly Lee's and used by British and Indian regiments of the 14th Army. This kit is a really good starting point for such a vehicle with most of the unique Stowage required and the low profile cupola. Post war the M3's were refurbished and equipped the CMF (Reserves) alongside matildas Al[/quote] Al: I have no way to verify the information you have provided as my reference clearly indicates that these where from British stock that was no longer needed due to Sherman production and British tank production. With that said what you say does make more sense as altering tanks you have would seem a waste and by the time these mods were introduced units were equipped with other vehicles.
FEB 22, 2020 - 02:41 AM
Darren, the M3's were NOT transferred from British stock and were purchased directly from US stock. This is a long held myth that will not die. Australia received both Grants and lee's in about equal numbers for Petrol variants and another third as Diesels (Grants) and covering almost all variants except the cast hull. They had modifications for Australian service including a Drivers periscope and a number of other changes like radios etc (not catered in the kit as it has the US interior Radio) . Roughly a third (200+) Lee's were received in the M3 orders by 42. 3 Australian M3 saw service all being Diesel Grants fitted with dozers in the Dutch East indies in 45. The M3's that fought against the Japanese in Burma were mainly Lee's and used by British and Indian regiments of the 14th Army. This kit is a really good starting point for such a vehicle with most of the unique Stowage required and the low profile cupola. Post war the M3's were refurbished and equipped the CMF (Reserves) alongside matildas Al[/quote] Al: I have no way to verify the information you have provided as my reference clearly indicates that these where from British stock that was no longer needed due to Sherman production and British tank production. With that said what you say does make more sense as altering tanks you have would seem a waste and by the time these mods were introduced units were equipped with other vehicles.[/quote] Chamberlain & Ellis? Has been retreaded that many times since the 60's that it has become accepted , sadly. All Australian Army Armour was purchased through the British Purchasing COmmission but no hand me downs were received. Same as out matildas - ALL were purchased new and shipped direct.
FEB 23, 2020 - 11:08 AM
   

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